Migrating a Project to stack
July 27, 2015
This post consists of notes on how I converted one of my Haskell projects to stack. It provides a small illustration of how flexible stack can be in accomodating project organisation quirks on the way towards predictable builds. If you want to see the complete results, here are links to the Bitbucket repository of Stunts Cartography, the example project I am using, and specifically to the source tree immediately after the migration.
The first decision to make when migrating a project is which Stackage snapshot to pick. It had been a while since I last updated my project, and building it with the latest versions of all its dependencies would require a few adjustments. That being so, I chose to migrate to stack before any further patches. Since one of the main dependencies was
diagrams 1.2, I went for
lts-2.19, the most recent LTS snapshot with that version of
$ stack init --resolver lts-2.19
stack init creates a
stack.yaml file based on an existing cabal file in the current directory. The
--resolver option can be used to pick a specific snapshot.
One complicating factor in the conversion to stack was that two of the extra dependencies,
threepenny-gui-0.5.0.0 (one major version behind the current one) and
zip-conduit, wouldn’t build with the LTS snapshot plus current Hackage without version bumps in their cabal files. Fortunately, stack deals very well with situations like this, in which minor changes to some dependency are needed. I simply forked the dependencies on GitHub, pushed the version bumps to my forks and referenced the commits in the remote GitHub repository in
stack.yaml. A typical entry for a Git commit in the
packages section looks like this:
- location: git: https://github.com/duplode/zip-conduit commit: 1eefc8bd91d5f38b760bce1fb8dd16d6e05a671d extra-dep: true
Keeping customised dependencies in public remote repositories is an excellent solution. It enables users to build the package without further intervention without requiring developers to clumsily bundle the source tree of the dependencies with the project, or waiting for a pull request to be accepted upstream and reach Hackage.
With the two tricky extra dependencies being offloaded to Git repositories, the next step was using
stack solver to figure out the rest of them:
$ stack solver --modify-stack-yaml This command is not guaranteed to give you a perfect build plan It's possible that even with the changes generated below, you will still need to do some manual tweaking Asking cabal to calculate a build plan, please wait extra-deps: - parsec-permutation-0.1.2.0 - websockets-snap-0.9.2.0 Updated /home/duplode/Development/stunts/diagrams/stack.yaml
Here is the final
flags: stunts-cartography: repldump2carto: true packages: - '.' - location: git: https://github.com/duplode/zip-conduit commit: 1eefc8bd91d5f38b760bce1fb8dd16d6e05a671d extra-dep: true - location: git: https://github.com/duplode/threepenny-gui commit: 2dd88e893f09e8e31378f542a9cd253cc009a2c5 extra-dep: true extra-deps: - parsec-permutation-0.1.2.0 - websockets-snap-0.9.2.0 resolver: lts-2.19
repldump2carto is a flag defined in the cabal file. It is used to build a secondary executable. Beyond demonstrating how the
flags section of
stack.yaml works, I added it because
stack ghci expects all possible build targets to have been built 2.
As I have GHC 7.10.1 from my Linux distribution and the LTS 2.19 snapshot is made for GHC 7.8.4, I needed
stack setup as an additional step. That command locally installs (in
~/.stack) the GHC version required by the chosen snapshot.
That pretty much concludes the migration. All that is left is demonstrating:
stack build to compile the project…
$ stack build JuicyPixels-188.8.131.52: configure Boolean-0.2.3: download # etc. (Note how deps from Git are handled seamlessly.) threepenny-gui-0.5.0.0: configure threepenny-gui-0.5.0.0: build threepenny-gui-0.5.0.0: install zip-conduit-0.2.2.2: configure zip-conduit-0.2.2.2: build zip-conduit-0.2.2.2: install # etc. stunts-cartography-0.4.0.3: configure stunts-cartography-0.4.0.3: build stunts-cartography-0.4.0.3: install Completed all 64 actions.
stack ghci to play with it in GHCi…
$ stack ghci Configuring GHCi with the following packages: stunts-cartography GHCi, version 7.8.4: http://www.haskell.org/ghc/ :? for help Loading package ghc-prim ... linking ... done. Loading package integer-gmp ... linking ... done. Loading package base ... linking ... done. -- etc. Ok, modules loaded: GameState, Annotation, Types.Diagrams, Pics, Pics.MM, Annotation.Flipbook, Annotation.LapTrace, Annotation.LapTrace.Vec, Annotation.LapTrace.Parser.Simple, Annotation.Parser, Types.CartoM, Parameters, Composition, Track, Util.Misc, Pics.Palette, Output, Util.ByteString, Util.ZipConduit, Replay, Paths, Util.Reactive.Threepenny, Util.Threepenny.Alertify, Widgets.BoundedInput. *GameState> :l src/Viewer.hs -- The Main module. -- etc. *Main> :main Welcome to Stunts Cartography. Open your web browser and navigate to localhost:10000 to begin. Listening on http://127.0.0.1:10000/ [27/Jul/2015:00:55:11 -0300] Server.httpServe: START, binding to [http://127.0.0.1:10000/]
… and looking at the build output in the depths of
$ .stack-work/dist/x86_64-linux/Cabal-184.108.40.206/build/sc-trk-viewer/sc-trk-viewer Welcome to Stunts Cartography 0.4.0.3. Open your web browser and navigate to localhost:10000 to begin. Listening on http://127.0.0.1:10000/ [26/Jul/2015:20:02:54 -0300] Server.httpServe: START, binding to [http://127.0.0.1:10000/]
With the upcoming stack 0.2 it will be possible to use
stack build --copy-bins --local-bin-path <path> to copy any executables built as part of the project to a path. If the
--local-bin-path option is omitted, the default is
~/.local/bin. (In fact, you can already copy executables to
~/.local/bin with stack 0.1.2 through
stack install. However, I don’t want to overemphasise that command, as
stack install not being equivalent to
cabal install can cause some confusion.)
Hopefully this report will give you an idea of what to expect when migrating your projects to stack. Some details may appear a little strange, given how familiar cabal-install workflows are, and some features are still being shaped. All in all, however, stack works very well already: it definitely makes setting up reliable builds easier. The stack repository at GitHub, and specially the wiki therein, offers lots of helpful information, in case you need further details and usage tips.
As a broader point, it just seems polite to, when possible, pick a LTS snapshot over than a nightly for a public project. It is more likely that those interested in building your project already have a specific LTS rather than an arbitrary nightly.↩
That being so, a more natural arrangement would be treating
repldump2cartoas a full-blown subproject by giving it its own cabal file and adding it to the
packagessection. I would then be able to load only the main project in GHCi with
stack ghci stunts-cartography.↩
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